The absent speak and ask for memories of their lives before August 1, 1492, when they were expelled from Sefarad (Spain), their homeland of a thousand years. They began a new exile of exiles and turned into esperandos, those who hope to return. They took the keys to their houses for the day they would return, which passed from generation to generation. The esperandos left a trail of tears that spanned across the Sea of Sefarad —the Mediterranean basin— and most found refuge in the Ottoman Empire. They lost their place but not their language, Ladino, and a culture that has survived for centuries. Since their expulsion,  Adio Kerida and Avre tu puertaheartbreaking folk songs in Ladino, describe their grief.

 
 
 
 
 
 
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